- Exchange gas. Good oxygen getting into soil with excess CO2 Carbon dioxide which can build up in soil.
- Improve water penetration in dry areas of the greens and dry out wet areas of the greens.
- Should improve rooting or at least stabilize rooting until additional heat sets in during July.
Needle tining should create little if any effect on ball roll. Of course if we would not do this, we could have dead greens which could initially improve ball roll and then negatively effect ball roll and yours truly's job security.